Saving energy is defined as the best and most efficient way to mitigate emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in Mexico, and most of the industrialized or developing countries. GHGs cause Earth’s global warming, deteriorating natural resources and adversely affecting the economies and welfare of people. In addition, the low efficiency in energy consumption causes consumers to disburse greater resources due to the consumed energy, reducing their productivity and market competitiveness. This applies from a residential home, up to an industry, oil refinery or transportation service.
In the annual document of the Energy Sector Prospective 2012-2022, the Secretary of Energy mentions that Mexico is feasible to reduce energy consumption by 20%. The potential is determined by optimizing the consumption of electricity and primary energy [Natural Gas (NG), Gasoline, LP Gas (LPG), Coal, Coke, Fuel Oil, and Kerosene]. In energy terms, a reduction of 20% is equivalent to more than 83.88 million barrels per year of oil equivalent.
ENERGY EFFICIENCY MARKET IN MEXICO:
The energy efficiency market in Mexico has been slowly developed in the industrial and commercial sector. Its development in the Governmental sector has been slow as well, mainly driven by Pemex and by Comision Federal de Electricidad via FIDE. Nonetheless, AMESCO estimates that market penetration with ESCO companies in this sector reaches 10% of the potential market of more than 25,000 Million Pesos annually about 2 billion US dollars
The main opportunity areas in energy saving are considered:
- Compression efficiency, which groups air conditioning equipment, commercial and industrial refrigeration equipment, and compression equipment for air and industrial gases.
- Efficient lighting.
- Efficiency in boilers to generate steam and hot water.
- Monitoring of energy consumption.
- Cogeneration, the simultaneous generation of electricity and thermal energy.
- Efficiency in electric motors and variable speed drives.
- Power quality, power factor correction and harmonic distortion mitigation.
For AMESCO, the generation of electricity from renewable sources is not considered as a measure of energetic efficiency, because it does not reduce the consumption of energy kilowatts (electrical or thermal). Energy generation from renewable sources is a kilowatt-replacement measure.